Discusses the major theoretical approaches to the field, including direct and limited effects theories, agenda-setting theories, sociological theories, framing and priming theories, and other past and present conceptualizations. Looks at the different kind of communications, such as political speeches, televised political advertising, political posters and print advertising, televised political debates, and Internet sites, and a concentration on citizen reactions to political messages, how the general public and voters in democratic systems respond to political messages, and the effects of all types of media and message types.
Contains over 450 articles on individuals, movements, political parties, and ideological principles, for those on the 'left' and those on the 'right.'
Contains biographies, articles describing important legal statutes, and detailed and authoritative descriptions of the major prisons in the United States. Issues of race, gender, and class are fully integrated throughout in order to demonstrate the complexity of the implementation and intended results of incarceration.
Provides full coverage of all areas of psychological assesment from the most traditional, such as clinical, educational, and work and organizational psychology, to the most recent applications linked to health, gerontology, neuropsychology, psychophysiology and environmental assessment. Each entry includes a general conceptual and methodological overview, a section on relevant assessment devices, followed by links to related concepts in the Encyclopedia and a list of references.
Addresses the interface of psychology and law and draws from the related discipline of criminal justice.
Explores the evolution of the Public Relations field, with examples from history describing events, changing practices, and the key figures who developed and expanded the profession, as well as key challenges facing the profession of public relations and its practitioners, such as earning the trust and respect of critics and the general public.
Focuses on the developmental process of religion and spirituality across the human life span. Offers insight into the characteristics of people and their contexts that interact to influence religious and spiritual development over time.
Provides the latest research on school learning, motivation, and educational assessment from authors in psychology, education and counseling, child development, and special education address student success, behavior disorders, intelligence testing, learning disabilities, strategies to improve academic skills, and more.
Offers an interdisciplinary perspective into many social issues that are a continuing concern in our lives. Covers all of the major theories, approaches, and contemporary issues in social problems and also provides insight into how social conditions get defined as social problems, and the ways different people and organizations view and try to solve them.
Provides an introduction with clear and readable explanations of the different ideas and concepts that make up the intellectual and scientific content in the area of social psychology.
Provides an introduction to a vast array of research methods by giving an account of their purposes, principles, developments, and applications.
Covers the developments, achievements, and prospects of social theory from its inception in the 18th century to the present. Examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses.
Provides readers with basic information about the history of social welfare in North America, including Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Since many themes and issues are similar in the three nations, entries provide comparative information about common as well as distinctive concerns and developments. Significant events, influential people, legislation, social problems, and societal responses are described in detail.
Provides detailed discussions of the who, what, where, when, and why of terrorism. Covers such topics as Al-Qaeda, biological terrorism, extremism, Saddam Hussein, jihad, Zacarias Moussaoui, and suicide bombers, and others.
Concise and detailed articles on all aspects of the period from the fifth to the fifteenth century. It explores art, architecture, religion, law, science, language, philosophy, and theology, as well as cultural, religious, intellectual, social and political history. With a focus on focus on Europe and Christendom, the Encyclopedia also covers the rise of Islam and people of other cultures with whom Europeans came into contact.
Provides a comprehensive introduction to some of the more complicated and abstract questions concerning world politics and national security, in addition to presenting historical facts and analyses.
Covers a wide range of general thematic categories, issues, and topics that address not only the geopolitical effects of war, but also show how the U.S. engagement in national and international conflicts has affected the social and cultural arena.
Covers history, definitions, examples, investigation, prosecution, assessments, challenges, and projections into one definitive reference work on the topic. Provides information about a variety of white-collar crimes, and provides examples of persons, statutes, companies, and convictions.
Covers the lives of more than 150 women who made their mark from the mid–1800s to the present, contextualizing their experiences and contributions to American society.
Explores poverty in various regions of the world, and examine the difficulties associated with the definition and measurement of poverty, along with its causes and effects.
Provides citations and abstracts of journal articles in education and citations of other education-related documents.
The Government Printing Office's official web portal, providing an entry point to federal government publications available online. Formerly known as GPO Access.
Provides award-winning documentaries with relevance across the curriculum—race and gender studies, human rights, globalization and global studies, multiculturalism, international relations, criminal justice, the environment, bioethics, health, political science and current events, psychology, arts, literature, and more. Contains over 1,000 videos.
Delivers the complete, searchable run of The Financial Times daily business newspaper. Every item ever printed in the paper, from 1888-2010, can be searched and browsed article by article and page by page.
References and selected abstracts to the world's literature in geology, covering North America since 1669 and other areas since 1933.
Provides citations of government publications, with links to full text where available.
Provides citations and abstracts of scholarly and general interest titles, government documents and reports related to the relationship between human beings and the environment.
Provides in-depth articles containing biographies as well as thematic entries on architecture, ceramics, metalwork, mosaics, painting and sculpture.
Provides the most accurate, reliable and current resource available on data needed by chemists, physicists and engineers. It provides wide coverage of data on properties of inorganic and organic compounds. Now searchable by chemical structure. Note: Section 18 contains sources of physical and chemical data.
Provides a bibliography on Latin America consisting of works selected and annotated by scholars.
Provides a reference guide for many of the issues on health and well being that are affected by nutrition. Part I is devoted to food, including its composition, constituents, labeling, and analysis. There is also a chapter on the laws that regulate food and its protection.
An online collection of streaming documentaries focusing on health issues and their impact on society. Health and the human condition have become important components for studies in sociology, culture, ethics, government, public policy, and other disciplines that examine how people interact with the world.
Provides information on many health topics including the medical sciences, food sciences and nutrition, childcare, sports medicine and general health, with access to nearly 80 full text, consumer health magazines.